The 333rd Field Artillery Battalion (155mm), like most African-American artillery battalions, was a non-divisional unit under the command of its Army Corps, in this case, VIII Corps. Its Group, also called the 333rd, had various times, both white and black units. Situated along the Andler-Schonberg Road, the Battalion had been in position since early October. After the departure of the 2nd Division, it was nominally attached to the 106th as supplemental fire support. Two observation teams were posted in and around the German village of Bleialf.